HomeArchiveVolume 6Volume 6, issue 2Open reduction of an old and unreduced posterior elbow dislocation

Tudor Mihai Gavrilă1,2*, Emanuel Antoneac2, Cristea Vlad2, Stefan Cristea1,2

1CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA
2ST. PANTELIMON HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Abstract

The old unreduced elbow dislocation is not very frequent, but when it is found, it is a challenge for every surgeon. We present a case of 65 years old man who came to the hospital with a dislocated elbow. After the first attempt to reduce, the elbow was mobilized in sling for 2 weeks, but during a small effort, the joint dislocated again. Another two orthopedic reduction were tried, followed by cast immobilization, but the elbow dislocated again. The patient presented in our service after two months from the injury with stiff joint in a vicious position. On imagistic examinations (Rx, CT, MRI), it was found comminuted fracture of coronoid process, posterior dislocation of olecranon and both collateral ligaments were torn. An open reduction was performed during which the joint surface was cleaned up, the anterior capsule was reattached to the coronoid process with an anchor, and then, collateral ligament was restored with the help of autograft, a gracilis muscle (bone fixed with two anchors). Postoperatively, the patient slowly began to mobilize the elbow with splint protection. After a year, the patient returned for follow-up; the function was completely restored and he had no pain.