Journal of Clinical and Investigative Surgery
Vlad Drăgoi1, Irina A. Horhoianu1,2, Răzvan V. Scăunașu2, Monica Cîrstoiu1,2
1Emergency University Bucharest Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bucharest, Romania
2Carol Davila University, Faculty of General Medicine, Bucharest, Romania
Congenital heart defects are one of the most interesting and important chapters regarding abnormal fetal growth pathology.
The objective of this article is to present a literature review for the main cyanotic congenital heart defects. The ones presented in the article are: tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great vessels, double outlet right ventricle, truncus arteriosus, total anomalous pulmonary venous circulation and additional information regarding very rare malformations such as pentalogy of Cantrell and Uhl anomaly.
An early and precise identification of congenital heart defects is an important step in an accurate follow-up of a potential problematic pregnancy. Knowing the sonographic aspect, associated pathology and the current available treatment procedures are vital for the fetal outcome and for the physician to adapt the right management in every situation that might appear during the pregnancy and in the neonatal period.