Journal of Clinical and Investigative Surgery
Șerban V. Bertesteanu1,2, Paula Pascu2, Cristian Popescu1,2, Raluca Grigore1,2, Bogdan Popescu1,2
1Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
2Coltea Clinical Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Bucharest, Romania
Laryngo-tracheal stenosis is a complex pathology which requires multiple surgical interventions and diligence from the surgeon and patience from the patient so that normal physiology may be restored. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the factors that can influence the evolution of this pathology.
It is presented a retrospective study in which 20 cases of larynx stenosis from 2008 until 2018 were evaluated. The study revealed a predominance of the pathology in men, especially from rural environment. The etiology of larynx stenosis was both iatrogenic and traumatic. Multiple surgical interventions classical and endoscopic were necessary, along with tracheostomy. In 7 cases there was the need for larynx stent to be mounted.
There was no significant correlation between age, etiology and the site of stenosis and the removal of the tracheostomy. Larynx stenosis benefit in present by modern surgical techniques. Current therapeutic options include conservative therapy, endoscopic approach and external approach depending on the site, severity, morbidities of the stenosis. Even if technology is of great help in LS management of many patients, unfortunately there are still cases where therapy is very complex and with poor functional results.