Instructions for Authors

Journals edited by Digital ProScholar Media publish only original articles which are related to research, science, education and culture. Journals are open and encourage submission of articles from a variety of scientists like psychologists, physicians, pharmacists, researchers, economists, engineers, lawyers, sociologists, etc. Journals take into consideration a wider range of articles such as reviews, original research articles, case presentations, editorials, letters to the editor, and other specific articles (educational articles, comments on the social, political and economic topics). Reviews and specific articles are usually commissioned by the editorial office, but the general policy is to analyze (prior to submission) any proposal from contributors, too.

During submission process, authors will be asked to indicate the corresponding category of the article. For general details related to structure and content of the paper, you can first see the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (ICMJE), and the internationally accepted ethical standards for publication (COPE). In addition, contributors have the possibility to consider the recommendations below and the presentation mode of the previous published articles.


1. Article Formatting Requirements.

Usually, any submitted article should be structured as below:


  • Cover Letter is mandatory and must contain the following statements:
    – That the manuscript does not contain texts from previously published materials and that it is not offered simultaneously for consideration/ publication entirely or in part elsewhere, regardless language.
    – That the manuscript is conform with Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (ICMJE), and that the paper has been conducted according to internationally accepted ethical standards (COPE).
    – That all authors have read/ approved the final version of the paper.
    – That all authors understood that the full responsibility for all presented data in the article belongs to authors, who are responsible for any conflict of interest (related to subjects included in their work, financial, consultant, institutional and other aspects). If there is no conflict of interest, then it must be explicitly stated.
    – Authors must mention the sources of Funding received for research support and/ or publication of article (either from public/ private entities or contributions from individuals).


  • Title page
    It is the first page of the paper, and must include: a full title of the article (limited to a maximum 150 characters, including spaces), a short/ running title (limited to a maximum 50 characters, including spaces), the full authors names (first name, middle name, last/ family name) in order that they appear on the article, academic degrees, affiliations (institution, department), and e-mails. The corresponding author must be underlined, including in addition telephone and fax numbers, complete postal address and zip code.


  • Abstract
    It is the second page of the paper, and presents the summary that should be limited to a maximum 1000 characters (including spaces). Abstract must be structured as the main text for original research articles (objective, methods and results, conclusions), or as a standard summary for the other category of articles (original research article, case presentation, etc.). Note that the abstract should not contain abbreviations or reference citations. The second page must contain below abstract: the type of article (review, original research article, etc.), the word count of the Main text, and up to six key-words.


  • Introduction
    It begins on the third page, being a brief background related to the actual stage of the matter, stating the aims, purposes and the reasons for accomplishing the work.


  • Materials and Methods
    This section contain essential data to facilitate understanding of methodology in the case of research articles (the recruitment criteria of patients, administered treatment, the pursued clinical data, or describing information of the animal lot for experimental studies). The previously published procedures are only cited; essential changes to the previously published procedures are just briefly described, while the new procedure must be disclosed in detail. Statistic methods and laboratory measurements used must also be specified.


  • Results
    Results of research articles must be presented with clarity and precision, just describing the findings of the study, presented either in the form of text or illustrated (through tables and figures). Interpretation of results will not be included in Results section because it must be placed within Discussion.


  • Discussion
    It is a section that debates and interprets the results obtained/ presented by research articles (taking into account also the corresponding/ contextual literature data), or continues Introduction expanding it or focusing on specific aspects, depending the article type. New perspectives/ approaches (supported by the study results or by literature data) should be highlighted, while unsubstantiated assertions must be restricted; the study limitations must also be presented. Discussion can be structured on subsections, in order to facilitate understanding.


  • Conclusions
    These should usually present the significance and possible implications of the data presented in the Results section (if any) and/ or Discussions.


  • Acronyms and abbreviations
    When used in the Main text, they should be limited as much as possible and explained/ expanded after Conclusions. Measurement units should be in accordance with International System of Units (SI).


  • Acknowledgements
    If the case, this refers to those persons who contributed or assisted to the study or manuscript, but who do not met the authorship criteria.


  • References
    It is the author’s obligation to provide at the end of the paper complete information related to citations used within the text. Within the text, all citations must be numbered consecutively in order they appear, and indicated through Arabic numerals inside of round parentheses, e.g. (1, 2). Each source quoted in the text must be found in the Reference list, and vice versa. Reference list must be placed at the end of the paper (after Acknowledgements). Please insert a line break—not a page break—and begin your Reference list on the same page, if possible. References should have margins that are both left and right- justified. You may choose not to right-justify the margin of one or more references if the spacing looks too awkward. In the Reference list citations must be presented as below:
  • Articles in traditional journals
    Required: Author’s (authors’) name(s), title of article, name of journal (in italics, and abbreviated according to international style- Index Medicus), year of publication (or “n.d.” if no date), volume number, issue number, page numbers. Optional (but desirable): article doi
    Example: Branson SM, Boss L , Cron S , Turner DC. Depression, loneliness, and pet attachment in homebound older adult cat and dog owners. J Mind Med Sci. 2017; 4(1): 38-48. doi: 10.22543/7674.41.P3848
  • Books
    Required: Author’s (authors’) name(s), title of book, publisher, publisher’s address, edition/ year of publication (or “n.d.” if no date). For forthcoming (in press) books, put expected year of publication and add “forthcoming.”
  • Chapters in collections or anthologies
    Required: Name(s) of author(s) of chapter, name(s) of editor(s) of book, title of chapter, title of book, publisher, publisher’s address, and edition/ year of publication (or “n.d.” if no date). For forthcoming (in press) books, put expected year of publication and add “forthcoming.”
  • Working papers:
    Required: Author’s (authors’) name(s), title of working paper, year (or “n.d.” if no date), location (e.g., “Department of Economics Working Paper, University of California, Berkeley” or “Author’s web site:” If the working paper is part of series, then the series name and the number of the working paper within the series must also be given.hhhhh
  • Other works:
    Required: Author’s (authors’) name(s), title of work, year (or “n.d.” if no date), and information about how the reader could obtain a copy.


  • Illustrations (figures, pictures) are uploaded as distinct documents during submission process. The file format must be TIFF or jpg to be acceptable. Pictures have to be at least 300 dpi, freehand being unacceptable. Illustrations must be quoted in the text through consecutive numbers (inside of round parentheses), according to order they appear. Each figure and picture should contain title and legend, which allow understanding and interpretation regardless the text. Data presented in Legend should not be repeated in the Main text. Photos from patients can be sent only with their consent and excluding any parts that could lead to subject identification, authors taking a full responsibility for this aspect. Previously published figures and pictures must be accompanied by written permission of the copyright holder that can be used/ reproduced.


  • Tables are uploaded within a distinct Word document during submission process (do not attach the tables as pictures). The table text (size, style) is similar with the Main text. Tables must be Arabic numbered, preceded by a title and succeeded by a legend related to presented data. Table(s) should be self-explanatory, easy to be understood without resort to the Main text content. Data presented in the Table(s) should not repeat in figures or in the Main text. Please ensure that any Table are cited in the text.


2. Text Formatting Requirements

Please see below details on typesetting and layout requirements pertaining to final manuscript submission to .

  • Write your article in English.
  • Submit your manuscript as a single word document, including tables, figures, appendices, etc.
  • Page size should be 8.5 x 11-inches. All margins (left, right, top and bottom) should be 1.5 inches (3.8 cm), including your tables and figures.
  • Single space your text.
  • Use a single column layout with both left and right margins justified.
  • Font:
    1. Main Body—12 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
    2. Footnotes—10 pt. Times or the closest comparable font available
  • If figures are included, use high-resolution figures, preferably encoded as encapsulated PostScript
  • Copyedit your manuscript.
  • When possible, there should be no pages where more than a quarter of the page is empty space.


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